In a short but moving ceremony on Friday 19 July, former Bletchley Park Codebreaker Helene Aldwinckle was presented with the insignia of Knight of the Légion d’honneur, France’s highest civilian and military honour, by Colonel Armel Dirou, Military Attaché at the French Embassy.
In 1942, the then Helene Taylor was recruited at the age of 21 from Aberdeen University. Leaving Scotland for only the third time in her life she travelled to a place she did not know, to live with complete strangers, to do work she could not be told about until she got there.
Helene had been chosen by a senior Codebreaker, Stuart Milner-Barry, to work in Bletchley Park’s Hut 6, the department tasked with deciphering Enigma messages sent by the German Army and Air Force. After a year of working to register German Enigma-enciphered messages, she was asked to run a school to train US personnel on the procedures and secrets of codebreaking at Bletchley Park. In doing so she played a small but important part in cementing the British-American intelligence sharing agreement which endures to this day. In 1944 until the end of the war, she worked in a section of Hut 6 called the Quiet Room, where she identified the various Enigma radio networks, and analysed radio signals’ preambles and sign-offs. Hut 6 played a crucial role in the lead-up to the Normandy invasion.
Responding to a question by Helene’s MP, Tom Brake, Prime Minister Theresa May, at her last Prime Minister’s Questions on 24 July, said: “Can I thank Helene for her work at Bletchley Park, and all those at Bletchley Park, unsung for some considerable time. They played an absolutely crucial role in our ability to defeat fascism in the Second World War, and we should be very proud of the work they did, and I am grateful for the opportunity he has given to this house to celebrate it.”
By 1945, the workforce at Bletchley Park had grown from a few hundred in 1939 to over 9,000, 75% of whom were women. After the end of the war with Germany, Helene stayed on at Bletchley Park for a short while to help write the official history of Hut 6’s work. This history was only made publicly available at The National Archives in 2006.
The French Republic has honoured Helene for her contribution towards D-Day and the liberation of France. In a short speech during the ceremony, Nicolas Wuest-Famose, First Secretary at the French Embassy said ‘The Légion d’honneur expresses righteousness, honour, heroism and excellence’.
Helene’s son Richard, daughters Diana, Linda and Pam, grandchildren Jack and Elena, staff of Ryelands care home, local MP Tom Brake, and representatives of the Bletchley Park Trust and GCHQ helped Helene celebrate this event.
Jonathan Byrne, Bletchley Park’s Oral History Officer said:
“It was a real privilege to see Helene receive the Légion d’honneur. I had the pleasure of interviewing her for the Bletchley Park Oral History Project a few years ago and her story has been of great value in understanding not just the work of Bletchley Park but also the beginnings of the enduring intelligence relationship between the UK and the USA.”
Very few wartime photos of Bletchley Park exist, but remarkably, Helen Aldwinkle can be seen in a photo of Block D, working alongside one of the Americans she had trained.
Helene Aldwinckle is one of several Bletchley Park Veterans to have been selected by the French Embassy for this honour. Recent recipients include the late Baroness Trumpington, Bombe Operator Ruth Bourne, and Gordon Rosenberg, who landed in France days after D-Day as part of a Special Liaison Unit who passed on top secret intelligence from Bletchley Park direct to Allied commanders in the field.
All those who worked at Bletchley Park or its Outstations are entitled to a Bletchley Park badge and a special badge produced by GCHQ. For further information, please contact Bletchley Park [email protected]
About the Légion d’honneur
The French government has been awarding the Légion d’honneur to D-Day veterans from many different countries for several years, as a way of honouring and thanking those who fought and risked their lives to secure France’s liberation during the Second World War.
On the 70th anniversary of D-Day in June 2014, the French President announced that the distinction would be awarded to all British veterans who fought for the liberation of France during the Second World War (veterans must have taken part in military operations in France between 1944 and 1945). For further information and to apply, please visit: https://uk.ambafrance.org/Legion-d-honneur-for-British-World-War-II-veterans